Friday, 5 December 2008

It has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all the others that have been tried

Percam um tempinho a ler se não se importam...

But it would seem that if despotism were to be established amongst the democratic nations of our days, it might assume a different character; it would be more extensive and more mild; it would degrade men without tormenting them.


I seek to trace the novel features under which despotism may appear in the world. The first thing that strikes the observation is an innumerable multitude of men all equal and alike, incessantly endeavoring to procure the petty and paltry pleasures with which they glut their lives. Each of them, living apart, is as a stranger to the fate of all the rest - his children and his private friends constitute to him the whole of mankind; as for the rest of his fellow-citizens, he is close to them, but he sees them not - he touches them, but he feels them not; he exists but in himself and for himself alone; and if his kindred still remain to him, he may be said at any rate to have lost his country. Above this race of men stands an immense and tutelary power, which takes upon itself alone to secure their gratifications, and to watch over their fate. That power is absolute, minute, regular, provident, and mild. It would be like the authority of a parent, if, like that authority, its object was to prepare men for manhood; but it seeks on the contrary to keep them in perpetual childhood: it is well content that the people should rejoice, provided they think of nothing but rejoicing. For their happiness such a government willingly labors, but it chooses to be the sole agent and the only arbiter of that happiness: it provides for their security, foresees and supplies their necessities, facilitates their pleasures, manages their principal concerns, directs their industry, regulates the descent of property, and subdivides their inheritances - what remains, but to spare them all the care of thinking and all the trouble of living? Thus it every day renders the exercise of the free agency of man less useful and less frequent; it circumscribes the will within a narrower range, and gradually robs a man of all the uses of himself.

Democracy In America, Alexis de Toqueville


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A Obra completa
Volume I
Volume II

It has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all the others that have been tried - Sir Winston Churchill (1874 - 1965)


silvia.marau said...

Miga, na lingua original é ainda melhor, sem o "gaguejar" (risos) arrepiante...

nocas verde said...

Já lá pus os links na turma!

silvia.marau said...

já remeti para todos, és uma linda... (não sei se o devia ter dito aqui deste lado) mas és.


nocas verde said...

por hoje passa ... :)

drengo said...

...sim senhora...
gostei (¨.)

bom fim de semana,